References

References are formatted in accordance with the APA style guide.

Avila-Saavedra, G. (2011). Ethnic otherness versus cultural assimilation: U.S. latino comedians and the politics of identity. Mass Communication & Society, 14(3), 271–291. Retrieved from https://doi-org.umw.idm.oclc.org/10.1080/15205431003650478

Croteau, D. & Hoynes, W. (2014). Media/society: industries, images, and audiences (5th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.

Dragojevic, M., Mastro, D., Giles, H., & Sink, A. (2016). Silencing nonstandard speakers: A content analysis of accent portrayals on American primetime television. Language in Society, 45(1), 59-85. Retrieved from http://dx.doi.org.umw.idm.oclc.org/10.1017/S0047404515000743

Joyrich, L. (2014). Queer television studies: Currents, flows, and (main)streams. Cinema Journal, 53(2), 133-139. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org.umw.idm.oclc.org/stable/43653574

Kaler, A. K. (1990). Golden girls: Feminine archetypal patterns of the complete woman. Journal of Popular Culture, 24(3), 49. Retrieved from https://umw.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search-proquest-com.umw.idm.oclc.org/docview/195365329?accountid=12299

Kannen, V. (2016). "This is mud on our faces! we're not really black!" teaching gender, race, and age through humour in the golden girls. Outskirts, 35, 1-18. Retrieved from https://umw.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search-proquest-com.umw.idm.oclc.org/docview/1881309343?accountid=12299

Kastoryano, R. (2010). Codes of otherness. Social Research, 77(1), 79–100. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com.umw.idm.oclc.org/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ssf&AN=511014892&site=ehost-live

Latham, J. (2002). Promoting otherness in films: Blackness and the primitive in early hollywood advertising imagery. Velvet Light Trap, (50), 4. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com.umw.idm.oclc.org/login.aspx?direct=true&db=mlf&AN=EIS8710764&site=ehost-live

Macionis, J. J. (2010). Sociology (3rd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Meyer, M. E. (2012). New directions in critical television studies: Exploring text, audience, and production in communication scholarship. Communication Studies, 63(3), 263–268. https://doi-org.umw.idm.oclc.org/10.1080/10510974.2012.684291

Rebuke. (n.d.). In Merriam-Webster online. Retrieved from https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/rebuke

Reflect. (n.d.). In Merriam-Webster online. Retrieved from https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/reflect

Reinforce. (n.d.). In Merriam-Webster online. Retrieved from https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/reinforce

Tyson, L. (2015). Critical theory today: A user-friendly guide (3rd Ed). New York, NY: Routledge

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